The final shirt that Napoleon Bonaparte wore before his death in exile has been consigned to Osenat's March 23 auction, Empire at Fontainebleau.
Taking place near Paris, the sale offers a number of personal items from the family of Achille Arcambault, one of two brothers that accompanied Napoleon as valets during his exile on St Helena. The shirt, stained with sweat from the feverish despot, will sell with a $41,407-55,210 estimate.
The silk nightshirt is embroidered with Napoleon's trademark "N" in red, and is accompanied by a handwritten note signed by Archambault, which states the shirt was removed from Napoleon on May 4, 1821 (the day before his death) and that he personally saved it from being laundered.
Following are the two sleeves of the shirt that Napoleon had on at the time of his death, valued at $11,042-13,802.
Also for sale is an ivory cane Napoleon used on his walks on St Helena, under the watchful eye of his English captors.
Estimated at $27,605-41,407, it was acquired by Napoleon from Chinese inhabitants of the south Atlantic island.
Also featuring are two bandage strips, signed by Archambault, which were used to mop the emperor's brow as he experienced fevers and hallucinations in his final days. They are expected to make $4,140-6,901.
Paul Fraser Collectibles has an authentic strand of hair from Napoleon for sale, which was once part of the most famous historical hair collection.