The Mathew Brady studio chair is to cross the block at Bonhams New York on October 26 with a $150,000-250,000 estimate.
Five US presidents and various senators, generals and notables posed in the chair, making it a unique piece of American history.
Most notably it appears in the moving photographs of Abraham Lincoln and his son Tad, taken in 1864.
Built by American furniture maker Bembe & Kimbel around 1857 for the House of Representatives, the chair later ended up in the studio of photographer Mathew Brady (1822-1896).
Lincoln himself is believed to have presented it as a gift. He was a close friend of Brady's colleague Alexander Gardner and the lot is referred to as "the Lincoln chair" in documentation.
Madelia Ring, Bonhams' head of English & American folk art, comments: "There is perhaps no other single object that connects with so many important people, all prominent figures in 19th-century American history.
"What also gives the Brady chair such distinction, is that while other commissioned chairs occasionally surface at auction, those bearing the stamp of Bembe & Kimbel are rare."
Brady photographed 18 of the 19 presidents who took office during his career.
He was also a pioneer in the field of documentary photography and captured some of the earliest battlefield scenes on record.
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