Ernst Ludwig Kirchner's Drei Hutten am Hugel, Rote Hutten (1919) sold for £806,500 ($1.2m) in Christie's Impressionist and Modern Art Day Sale in London on February 5.
It realised an increase of 34.4% on a £600,000 ($920,100) estimate.
Kirchner was an important German expressionist. He was a founding member of Die Brucke, a group credited with establishing the expressionist movement.
The painting shows a view of the alpine retreat where he was sent to recuperate after experiencing a breakdown on military service in 1916, during the first world war.
Other works in the sale included Pierre-Auguste Renoir's Nu Couche, Vu de Dos, Sur Fond Ochre (1885), which sold for £506,500 ($769,374).
Keith Gill, Christie's head of sale, commented: "This sale showed the continuing strength of international demand for works by the leading artists of Impressionist and Modern art including Juan Gris, Pablo Picasso, Fernand Léger, Marc Chagall and Pierre-Auguste Renoir.
"We are particularly pleased with the strong results for German artists, exemplified by the stellar price achieved for the top lot by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner which was on the market for the first time in over 60 years and sparked a fierce bidding battle between two European private collectors."
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