Rodin's L'Eternel Printemps (1884) carries an estimate of £500,000-700,000 ($728,407-1m) ahead of a sale at Bonhams London on February 4.
Rodin was inspired to create the work at the height of his love affair with the young sculptor Camille Claudel.
India Phillips, Bonhams' head of impressionist and modern art, comments: "It's a truly fascinating piece.
"Rodin's complex structure perfectly complements the erotic sensuality of the figures: for me, L'Eternel Printemps is one of his most dynamic works.
"It is exciting to see a piece that both so clearly maps his development as an artist and is so closely tied to his personal life."
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