Konstantin Makovsky's Ivan Susanin (1914) will headline a sale of Russian art at Sotheby's London on November 24 with a £1.5m-2.5m ($2.4m-4m) estimate.
Susanin is a Russian folk hero who lived during the 17th century.
He is alleged to have saved the life of a young Mikhail Romanov, founder of the Romanov dynasty, by leading a band of assassins into a deep forest.
Makovsky depicts the scene where, realising they had been tricked, they torture and kill Susanin before perishing in the cold.
Makovsky (1839-1915) is associated with an influential group of Russian artists known as The Wanderers, who broke with the formal tradition of academy art - choosing ordinary people as their subjects.
They would later serve as a major influence on the Soviet realists.
Boris Kustodiev's Bakhchisarai (1917) is another highlight with a valuation of £1.2m-1.8m ($1.9m-2.9m).
Kustodiev (1878-1927) worked predominantly as an illustrator. He was a strong supporter of the 1905 revolution and his work became hugely popular in its aftermath.
Sotheby's describe it as "without doubt the most impressive and exciting pre-revolutionary painting by Kustodiev to come to light in recent memory."
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