England, Stuart. Charles I (1625-1649) Silver Crown. Mintmark 'Rose' - 1642-43. Truro Mint.
Obv. King crowned and armoured on horse left, sash flying out, 'CAROLVS D G MAG BRIT FRA ET HI REX'
Rev. Round, garnished Royal Arms, 'CHRISTO AVSPICE REGNO' (I reign under the auspice of Christ). 42mm, 28.82g. VF - Very fine, upper bust a little weakly struck.
These coins are normally quickly and badly struck but this example exhibits very little wear, a full legend with a very well struck reverse. However the upper bust of Charles is a little weak but the detail in the horse is very good. This coin is a better specimen than the plate coin in 'Coins of England'. When the civil war began in 1642, the Tower mint fell into the hands of Parliament and Charles was forced to open a mints in Royalist held western England at (1642-46). In 1643 the King was already minting coins in Truro and on 4th September, after a siege, Exeter surrendered to Prince Maurice and the city remained in Royalist hands until 9th April 1946. On 3rd January 1644 Sir Richard Vyvyan received a Royal Commission to set up a mint in Exeter.